When Is Ghusl (Ritual Bath) Obligatory?
Photo by ELENA MARIMON MUÑOZ

When Is Ghusl (Ritual Bath) Obligatory?


The followers of Islam need to be pure. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said that purity is half faith. Almost everyone knows this.

But how to be pure?

Islam’s religion gives us complete guidance to achieve purity, which is preserved in the Quran and authentic hadiths. Let’s first look at what our religion of Islam (Quran and authentic hadiths) teaches us about ghusl. Some people are reluctant to ask such questions out of embarrassment. We need to ask about all kinds of information to gain knowledge; otherwise, mistakes will continue to be made, and sins will be attempted. That is, Muslims need to know about the ghusl to help the Muslim people who are shy.

Bathing should be done if someone has these conditions

1: After accepting Islam, one should perform ghusl. (Sahih Ibn Khazeema Sindh Sahih).
2: Ghusl becomes obligatory after the intercourse. (Sahih Muslim).

Narrated ‘Aisha RA:

Whenever the Prophet took the bath of Janaba (sexual relation or wet dream), he asked for the Hilab or some other scent. He used to take it in his hand, rub it first over the right side of his head and then over the left, and then rub the middle of his head with both hands.
(Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 1, Book of Bathing (Ghusl), Hadith 258)
3: Ghusl becomes obligatory after discharge ( Sahih Bukhari ).

Narrated ‘Ali AS:

I used to get emotional urethral discharge frequently. Being the son-in-law of the Prophet, I requested a man to ask him about it. So the man asked the Prophet about it. The Prophet replied, “Perform ablution after washing your organ.”
(Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 1, Book of Bathing (Ghusl), Hadith 269)
4: It is necessary to do ghusl on Friday. (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim).
5: He/She who bathes the dead bodies should do ghusl. (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, Sahih Ibn Habban, and Ibn Hazm, Nil, Sahih al-Labani, Sahih al-Hakim wa al-Dhahabi).
6: One should perform ghusl while entering ihraam. (Narrated by Al-Hakim and Sindh Sahih, Al-Mustadrik).
7: It is obligatory for a woman to perform ghusl after menstruation and nifaas. (Sahih Bukhari).

Miscellaneous Ghusl (bathing) problems

One should not perform ghusl in water, which is kept in the state of janabah. (Sahih Muslim).
Don’t wastewater. (Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah, and Sindh Sahih, Commentaries).
About four kilograms of water is enough for ghusl. ( Sahih Bukhari ).
Do not enter the water naked. (Ibn Khazeema, Sahih Al-Hakim wa Al-Dhahabi. Al-Mustadrik).
Cover while bathing. (Narrated by Abu Dawud, Al-Nisa’i, Ahmad and Sindh Hasan).
After accepting Islam, take a bath with berry leaves. (Ibn Khazeema and authentic documents).
If a woman’s hair is firmly tied, she does not need to untie it. (Sahih Muslim).
The man should not do ghusl in the water left by the woman, and the woman should not do ghusl in the water left by the man. (Abu Dawud and Al-Nisa’i Sindh Sahih, Commentaries).
A man can perform ghusl with the water left by his wife. (Sahih Muslim). There is no need to perform wudoo ‘again after performing the obligatory ghusl. (Reported by al-Tirmidhi and Sahih).

How to perform ghusl?

Recite du’aa بسم اللہ اعوذباللہ من الخبث و الخبائث when you enter the bathroom.
Wash your hands three times before putting your hands in the water pot. Never put your left hand in the water. Take water with your right hand. (Sahih Muslim). Then wash your private parts with your left hand. ( Sahih Bukhari )

Narrated ‘Aisha RA:

Whenever the Prophet took a bath after Janaba, he started by washing his hands and then performed ablution like that for the prayer. After that, he would put his fingers in water, move the roots of his hair with them, and then pour three handfuls of water over his head and then pour water all over his body.
(Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 1, Book of Bathing (Ghusl), Hadith 248)

Then rub the left hand on the ground two or three times and then wash it. (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim).
He/she should then perform wudoo ‘in the same way as wudoo’ is performed for Salat. ( Sahih Bukhari ).
That is, mouth rinse three times, pour water in the nose three times, rinse and pour water in the nose in one go. (Sahih Bukhari, Narrated by Ibn Khazeema Sindh Hassan, Narrated by Ahmad, Narrated by Al-Nisa’i, Abu Dawood, Ibn Habban and Balug Al-Amani

Wash your face three times and your hands up to your elbows three times. (Narrated by Al-Nisa’i, Isnad Sahih, Fateh Al-Bari, Part 2).

Then wet the fingers with water and pierce the roots of the scalp hair until it is sure that the scalp will get wet, then pour water on the scalp three times. ( Sahih Bukhari )
Narrated Jubair bin Mutism:

Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said, “As for me, I pour water three times on my head.” And he pointed with both his hands.
(Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 1, Book of Bathing (Ghusl), Hadith 254)
Then pour water on the rest of the body. First to the right side, then to the left. ( Sahih Bukhari )
Then wash both feet three times with the toes’ intersection, first the right and then the left. ( Sahih Bukhari)
Narrated Maimuna:

I placed water for the bath of the Prophet. He washed his hands twice or thrice and then poured water on his left hand and washed his private parts. He rubbed his hands over the earth (and cleaned them), rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by putting water in it and blowing it out, washed his face and both forearms, and then poured water over his body. Then he withdrew from that place and washed his feet.
(Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 1, Book of Bathing (Ghusl), Hadith 257)

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